Politics

Monday, November 14 1921: Toshiko Yamane, Japan’s first female diplomat, was born in Sapporo.

1921 (Taisho 10) Monday, November 14 Toshiko Yamane, Japan’s first female diplomat, was born in Sapporo. Her father was Jinshin YAMANE, a livestock scientist who was an assistant professor at Hokkaido Imperial University at that time. She was born the youngest of three brothers and sisters. Her brother is Otohiko Yamane, who inherited the research of his father Jinshin and later became a professor at the Faculty of Agriculture of Tottori University. Her father Yamane Jinshin transferred from Hokkaido Imperial University to Taipei Imperial University to become a professor. So they moved to Taiwan. In April 1934, she entered Taipei State High School for Girls at the age of 12....

Politics

Sunday, November 13 1921: Korekiyo Takahashi was appointed as the 20th Prime Minister of Japan.

1921 (Taisho 10) Sunday, November 13 Korekiyo Takahashi was appointed as the 20th Prime Minister and the Takahashi Cabinet was formed. It was called the “Inuki Cabinet” in which all the cabinet members remained as the successor to the assassinated Takashi Hara Cabinet. Prime Minister Takahashi doubled as Minister of Finance. He also became the fourth president of the ruling Seiyukai Party. Takahashi Korekiyo is not a party politician. However, in 1913, the third Taro KATSURA cabinet collapsed amid the growing movement to protect the constitution, and when he joined the next Gonbei YAMAMOTO cabinet as finance minister, he accepted Prime Minister YAMAMOTO’s persuasion and decided to join the party....

Politics

Friday, November 11 1921: The Washington Conference was held at the request of the US President Warren Harding.

1921 (Taisho 10) The Washington Conference was held on Friday, November 11. It was an international conference that was held in Washington, the capital of the United States, on February 6 of the following year at the request of the President of the United States, Warren Harding. In addition to Japan and the United States, nine countries, including Britain, France, Italy and China, are participating. There were three items on the agenda. It’s as follows. (1) Naval disarmament, (2) Far East issues, and (3) Pacific issues. The Japanese side was responsible for the first topic (1) Vice Admiral Tomosaburo Kato, the Japanese plenipotentiary, for naval disarmament, and the remaining (2)...

Social

Thursday, November 10 1921: Crown Prince Hirohito played golf with his aides at Shinjuku

On Thursday, November 10, 1921, Crown Prince Hirohito played golf with his aides at Shinjuku Gyoen. The Emperor Showa Jitsuroku mentions the following in the article of May 9 of the previous year, 1920. He seems to have deepened his interest in golf since he turned 19. May 9 , 1920 (Taisho 9) At 10:00 AM, the Emperor visits the Odemon Gate and the Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden to play golf. 3:45 PM returned to the temple. Around this time, the Crown Prince became more interested in golf and often practiced it during breaks and after school at the Gogakumonjo.During his European tour in 1920, Prince Hirohito played golf with...

Politics

Wednesday, November 9 1921: A memorial service for the recently assassinated Prime Minister Takashi Hara held in Japanese Embassy in Washington DC.

1921 (Taisho 10) Wednesday, November 9 A memorial service for the recently assassinated Prime Minister Takashi Hara was held at the Japanese Embassy in Washington, D.C., just ahead of the Washington Conference which is scheduled to be held on November 11 soon. More than 200 people attended the memorial service, which was held at 4:30 PM amid heavy rain. On the mantelpiece in the drawing room, in addition to the Hinomaru national flag, a bouquet of pure white chrysanthemums and a photograph of Prime Minister Takashi Hara were displayed. Following a 30 second moment of silence, the three Japanese delegates to the Washington conference delivered their condolences. First, Kijuro SHIDEHARA,...

Academic

Wednesday, November 9 1921: Seijiro Ibaraki is appointed as Principal of Tokyo Womens Higher Normal School, which is now Ochanomizu University.

1921 (Taisho 10) Wednesday, November 9 Seijiro Ibaraki (45) has been appointed as the seventh Principal of Tokyo Women’s Higher Normal School, which is the present Ochanomizu University. Seijiro Ibaraki was born on August 19, 1879 as the second son of Misao Ibaraki, a member of the warrior class in Ishikawa Prefecture. She was 45 years old when she assumed the post of principal. I studied at the English Department of Tokyo Imperial University, and the lecturer at that time was Patrick Lafcadio Hearn. After graduating from Imperial University in 1899 (Meiji 32), he became a professor at his hometown’s former Fourth High School (now Kanazawa University). He took over...

Social

Tuesday, November 8 1921: Kawabata Yasunari (22) received a refusal letter of engagement from his fiancee.

1921 (Taisho 10) Tuesday, November 8 Kawabata Yasunari (22) received a letter from his fiancee Ito Imai (15) stating that he had unilaterally broken his engagement. The couple got engaged the previous month at Shoushukan on the banks of the Nagara River River in Gifu-shi. Yasunari Kawabata was 11 years older than him, and the author Kan Kikuchi (23) had promised that the newlyweds would be able to use Kikuchi’s house while he was away on a trip abroad. He was also supposed to receive 50 yen a month in living expenses from Kikuchi, who was already a popular writer and published “Madame Pearl” in the Tokyo Nichinichi Newspaper. Kawabata...

Politics

Saturday, November 5 1921: The Takashi Hara cabinet resigned en masse.

1921 (Taisho 10) Saturday, November 5 The Takashi Hara cabinet resigned en masse. Prime Minister Takashi Hara was assassinated at 7:25 PM on the concourse at the south exit of Tokyo Station. He was 65 years old. In response to this emergency, Foreign Minister Uchida (Yasuya) assumed the post of Acting Prime Minister. The next morning, an extraordinary cabinet meeting was held, and the resignations of all cabinet members were put together and immediately submitted to the Imperial Palace. The decision method of the prime minister at that time was recommended and decided by a certain important politician called Genro in the form of consulting with the Emperor. The three...

Politics

Friday, November 4 1921: Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi was assassinated at Tokyo Station.

1921 (Taisho 10) Friday, November 4 Prime Minister Hara Takashi was attacked and killed by Otsuka Station operator Nakaoka Konichi on the concourse at Marunouchi South Exit of Tokyo Station. He was 65 years old. Prime Minister Hara was heading to the ticket gate under the direction of station manager Yoshikazu Takahashi to catch a 7:30 PM train from Tokyo Station to attend the Seiyukai Kinki Convention in Kyoto the following day. Then, at 7:25 PM, Nakaoka suddenly rushed out of the crowd and thrust his short sword into Hara’s right chest. He died almost immediately. Nakaoka was a day shift operator at Otsuka Station. The point change is the...

Birthday

Thursday, November 3 1921: Takeo Shigemitsu, the founder of Lotte group, was born in Korea.

1921 (Taisho 10 ) Thursday, November 3, Lotte founder Takeo Shigemitsu (신격호) was born in Ulsan County, South Gyeongsang Province (now Ulsan Metropolitan City). He was the eldest of five sons and five daughters. In 1941 (Showa 16), with only 83 yen in his possession, he took the Sekigama ferry to Japan. Because it was during the war, I was in danger of being drafted, but I learned that an engineering major could avoid being drafted, so I gave up my original ambition for literature and majored in chemical industry. In 1944 (Showa 19), he graduated from Waseda Jitsugyo and established a cutting oil production factory, but it was destroyed...