Social

Tuesday, November 1, 1921: Japanese famous liquor store “Kakuyasu” opened in Tokyo.

1921 (Taisho 10) Tuesday, November 1 Today is the opening day of nationwide liquor store “Kaku-Yasu” in Japan. The founder of the store is Yasuzo Sato. First store was opened 100 years ago today in Toshima Ward, Tokyo. The name “Kaku-Yasu” is a combination of Kaku and Yasu. Kaku means Kaku-Masu, which is the name of a Japanese-Style wooden cup for drinking sake. Yasu means the founder Yasuzou. “Kakuyasu” has long been a small local sake shop, but under the leadership of its third generation president Junichi Sato, the company achieved rapid growth in the late 1990s by shifting its business strategy from wholesale to home delivery. President Sato may...

Social

Sunday, October 30 1921: Kabuki-za Theater in Tokyo was burnt down by a fire.

1921 (Taisho 10) Sunday, October 30 Kabuki-za Theater in Kobikicho, Kyobashi-ku was burnt down by a fire caused by a short circuit. It was in the same location as Ginza 4-chome where the present Kabukiza is located, and it was a building called the second Kabukiza which was renovated in 1911 (Meiji 44). 10 years had passed since it was built. On the way, in 1913, Takejiro Otani of Shochiku became an affiliate. The fire broke out at 7:20 AM on October 30. Many workers have been working overnight since the 28th in preparation for the November performance, which will soon begin on November 3. More than a dozen stagehands...

Birthday

Sunday, October 30 1921: The future first lady of Japan, Nakasone Tsutako was born in Tokyo.

1921 (Taisho 10) Sunday, October 30 The future first lady of Japan, Nakasone Tsutako was born in Tokyo. Her maiden name was Tsutako KOBAYASHI. She was the third daughter of Giichiro Kobayashi, a professor at Meiji University, a doctor of science and a geologist. Giichiro Kobayashi is known for boring Akagi Onsen in Maebashi City, Gunma Prefecture. Maebashi will be the constituency of his son-in-law, Yasuhiro Nakasone. Yasuhiro Nakasone, the 71st Prime Minister of Japan, was born on May 27, 1918, so he is 3 years older than Tsutako Kobayashi. Yasuhiro Nakasone, from Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture, entered the Ministry of the Interior after graduating from the Department of Political Science,...

Birthday

Saturday, October 29 1921: Duke Kisako Tokugawa, the second daughter of Duke Tokugawa, was born.

1921 (Taisho 10) Saturday, October 29 1921: Duke Tokugawa Yoshihisa’s second daughter Kisako was born. Kisako was born and spent his childhood at the main residence of Tokugawa in Kohinata Dai Rokuten-machi, where Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA, who lived in his later years, finally moved to the residence and died of acute pneumonia at the age of 76 on November 22, 1913, 8 years before Kisako was born. This residence is currently home to the International Graduate School of Buddhist Studies, which also shows the place where Yoshinobu Tokugawa died. In 1996, Kisako Tokugawa published a book titled “Tokugawa Yoshinobu Family’s Children’s Room” by Soshisha, which describes her life in the former...

Birthday

Friday, October 28 1921: Translator Shinjo Tetsuo was born

1921 (Taisho 10) Friday, October 28 Translator Shinjo Tetsuo was born in San Francisco, USA. Later, he returned to his permanent address in Iwakuni City, Yamaguchi Prefecture, and entered Aoyama Gakuin English Literature School in Tokyo. Because it was wartime, he graduated early and worked in the foreign news department of the Tokyo Newspaper in charge of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the war, he also worked for GHQ as a journalist. In 1953 28, while still working for Tokyo Shimbun, he published Herman Walk’s first translation, The Rebellion on the Kane, which became a bestseller. In 1957 (Showa 32), I was transferred to the publishing division of Tokyo Shinbun...

Politics

Thursday, October 27 1921: 3 young military men gathered in Baden-Baden, Germany. This event made Japan head for war.

1921 (Taisho 10) On Thursday, October 27, 3 young military men from the same period of 16 years of the Military Academy gathered in Baden-Baden, a resort area in South Germany, and pledged to transform their army. It’s called the Baden-Baden Secret Agreement. This is said to have greatly influenced the course of Japan in the pre-war Showa period, and it has become an important event in the modern history of Japan. Three young soldiers gathered at Baden-Baden. Everyone was indignant at the realities of the Army. These three are as follows. Tetsuzan NAGATA, a military officer attached to the Swiss legation. Toshishiro Obata was a military attaché at the...

Birthday

Tuesday, October 25 1921: Tokuma Yasuyoshi, the founder of Tokuma Shoten, was born in Yokosuka.

1921 (Taisho 10) Tuesday, October 25 Tokuma Yasuyoshi, the founder of Tokuma Shoten, was born in Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture. After graduating from local Zushi Kaisei Junior High School, he entered Waseda University’s Faculty of Commerce. He joined the Japanese Communist Party in his youth. In 1943 (Showa 18), he graduated from Waseda University and joined the Yomiuri Shimbun. However, immediately after the end of the war, he left the company due to the Yomiuri Dispute, which occurred twice. In 1948 (Showa 23), the company went bankrupt, and after that, Tatsuhiko Nakano became a senior managing director of “Shinzenmi-sha”, but this also went bankrupt soon. In 1953 (Showa 28), he...

Birthday

Saturday, October 22 Toshio Miyoshi, the Emperor of Matsushita Electric Works, was born in Neyagawa City, Osaka Prefecture.

1921 (Taisho 10) Saturday, October 22 Toshio Miyoshi, also known as the “Emperor of MEW,” was born in Neyagawa City, Osaka Prefecture. MEW stands for Matsushita Electric Works Co., Ltd. After graduating from Kobe University of Economics (now the Faculty of Economics, Kobe University), Toshio Miyoshi taught as a professor at Matsuyama College of Economics (now Matsuyama University) for 4 years from 1946 to 1950. At MEW, he was in charge of accounting, his own field of specialization, as well as planning and promotion. While he was working, MEW grew rapidly, and Toshio Miyoshi became president in 1988, and 3 years later, MEW grew into a 1 trillion yen company...

Birthday

Wednesday, October 19 1921: KAMIKAZE Shoichi, a sumo commentator, was born.

1921 (Taisho 10) Wednesday, October 19 KAMIKAZE Shoichi, a sumo commentator, was born in Sambommatsu-cho, Okawa-gun, Kagawa Prefecture (present-day Higashikagawa City). His real name was Shoichi Akazawa. Since my elementary school days, I have been so healthy that I was selected as one of the healthiest children by the Asahi Shimbun. Yokozuna Tamanishiki, who learned of the boy’s existence through newspaper reports, came to solicit him and entered Nishonoseki stable. In 1937 (Showa 12), he graduated from Tokyo Municipal Ueno Junior High School (now Tokyo Municipal Ueno High School) under the old system and debuted in the May tournament. 1942 (Showa 17): He joined the Shogunate at the January Tournament....

Birthday

Sunday, October 16 1921: Japan-US fixer, Capy Harada was born.

1921 (Taisho 10) Sunday, October 16 Capy Harada was born near Santa Maria, California. Capy Harada was a Japanese American who played an important role as a bridge between Japanese and American baseball after the war. His real name was Tsuneo HARADA. His father Joemon Harada and his mother Kuni were immigrants who moved from Wakayama Prefecture to California in 1904 (Meiji 37). My parents worked hard as vegetable farmers and became wealthy enough to buy a car, but their fortunes changed with the advent of the Great Depression. When his mother, Kuni, died in 1934, his father, Joemon, judged that it was impossible to raise 7 brothers by a...