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Thursday, August 11 1921: Masana Maeda, a planner of Industrial policy in Meiji era, died.

1921 (Taisho 10) On Thursday, August 11, Masana Maeda, who had led the Meiji government’s policy of encouraging new industries, passed away. He was 71 years old. Masana MAEDA was born in 1850. His father was a doctor of the Satsuma Domain, Zen-an MAEDA. I was born as his second son. He studied Western studies under Shohei Yagi, who was a scholar of the Satsuma Domain at the age of 9. Shohei Yagi is an interesting person who was born in Tenpo 3 (1832), so he is 18 years older than Masana Maeda. So when Masana Maeda joined Yagi, his master Yagi was 31 years old. By the order of...

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Monday, August 8 1921: Huge Explosion at Hiroshima army arsenal.

1921 (Taisho 10) On Monday, August 8, an explosion occurred at the army arsenal on Mt. Hiji in Hiroshima City. There were 7 deaths and 21 serious injuries. Four huge explosions spread fear in Hiroshima. The 5th Division (Commander: Lieutenant General Yamada Rikutsui) was dispatched to Vladivostok for the Siberia Expedition and returned to Hiroshima in August 1920, but its ammunition was not strictly controlled, for example, a safety needle was disconnected on the way back. A report addressed to the Chief of Naval Operations (Shōichi Kanno), “Explosion Cause of Hiroshima Hijiyama Artillery” It is presumed to be a defect in handling. The explosion was caused by the dropping of...

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Friday, July 22, Kiyonari Kurasawa died at the age of 88.

1921 (Taisho 10) On Friday, July 22, Kiyonari Kurasawa, a scholar of Japanese classical history (Koku-Gaku), died at the age of 88. His other names were Kurasawa Yoshiyuki. If you have read “Yoake-mae (Before the Dawn)” by Toson Shimazaki, you may be more impressed by the name “Yoshiyuki.” Kiyonari or Yoshiyuki Kurazawa was born at Ono, Shinshu in 1832, in present-day Tatsuno-machi, Kamiina-gun, Nagano Prefecture. He devoted himself to Atsutane HIRATA and became a scholar of Japanese classical literature in his hometown of Shinshu. He went to Edo in 1854 and met famous Toko Fujita who was a scholar of Mito Domain. Exactly 10 years after Kurasawa’s encounter with Fujita...

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Saturday, July 16 1921: The 49th graduation ceremony of the Naval Academy was held.

1921 (Taisho 10) Saturday, July 16 The graduation ceremony of the Naval Academy was held. Recently, there has been a discussion in Japan about changing the September entrance/new term system in accordance with world standards, but from the Meiji period to the Taisho period, September entrance and July graduation were also common in Japan. The reason for the April enrollment system was that Tokyo Imperial University and other imperial universities changed the system to April enrollment, exactly 100 years ago in 1921 (1921). The Naval Academy was also changed to enter in April and graduate in March. The Naval Academy was a four-year school, but starting this year, new students...

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Friday, July 8 1921: Phantom record day of the world’s highest temperature

1921 (Taisho 10) Friday, July 8 It will be a phantom day with the world’s highest temperature. It was reported that the world’s highest temperature of 58.8 degrees Celsius was recorded in Basra, Iraq on this day. This record was strangely believed only in Japan for a long time. Even after World War II, it was mentioned in the “Dictionary of Meteorological Conditions” published by Tokyodo Publishing in 1954, and in the “Meteorological Year” in 1967. Some people over a certain age may have learned this Basra record in class. However, in reality, the world record of 56.7 degrees Celsius set in Death Valley, California in the United States on...

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Saturday, June 25, 1921: Asakusa Association was inaugurated.

Saturday, June 25, 1921: ‘Asakusa no Kai’ (Association of Asakusa) was inaugurated. It is a unique meeting where those who are related to entertainment in Asakusa, especially active movies and those who are related to education in the Ministry of Education meet. “Helen Keller,” a foreign movie released in February of the same year, was the first film recommended by the Ministry of Education. Led by Yoshihisa Norisugi, the social director of the Education Ministry’s Bureau of Education, an attempt to utilize movies for youth education is being promoted. In an interview with “Shakai to Kyoka,” a magazine that launched the same year, Yamane Mikito, a film director, said, “If...

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Thursday, June 23 1921: Hariharnath Toral Atal memorial service.

1921 (Taisho 10) Thursday, June 23 A memorial service for Indian lecturer Hariharnath Toral Atal at Tokyo School of Foreign Languages will be held at Tokyo Imperial University. On June 14, around 2 PM, Atal was in agony after taking a powerful drug in an 8-mat room on the second floor of his house. The maid found him in agony and immediately gave him medical treatment, but his death was confirmed at 4 PM. Atal came to Japan 5 years ago, in 1916, from Varanasi city of United Province in India, now called Uttar Pradesh, which was then part of the British territory. He has always complained about British rule...

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Monday, June 13 1921: Babe Ruth of the Yankees defeated the Tigers with the performance of winning pitcher, home run, and outfield defense.

1921 (Taisho 10) Monday, June 13 Babe Ruth of the Yankees defeated the Tigers with the performance of winning pitcher, home run, and outfield defense. The three-sword record will be recreated 98 years later, on September 4, 2019, by Cincinnati Reds pitcher Michael Lorenzen in a game against the Philadelphia Phillies. In addition, 100 years later, the re-enactment of the record set by Babe Ruth on the same day as “the starting pitching of the most homerun player” will be the game between Otani Shohei and the Rangers on April 26 this year. Two months have passed since the opening of the Major League this year, and one month is...

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Saturday, June 4, 1921: Sazanami IWAYA cerebrates 30-year anniversary.

On Saturday, June 4, 1921 (Taisho 10), Sazanami IWAYA, a scholar of children’s literature, held a performance at the Teikoku Gekijo Theater to commemorate 30 years of his career as a writer. The program was “Hachi no ki” (The Tree of a Pot), and it was a great success with families. Iwaya was born in 1870 (Meiji 3). His real name was Sueo IWAYA. His father, Ichiroku IWAYA, is a famous bureaucrat, a member of the House of Peers and a famous calligrapher. It is said that Sazanami Iwaya was interested in children’s literature through her brother, Ryutaro Iwaya, who was studying in Germany, and the book titled “Otto’s fairy...

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Friday, June 3, 1921: Lee Pan-neung killed 7 persons and injured 10.

On Friday, June 3, 1921 (Taisho 10), a series of stabbing incidents occurred in Higashi-Okubo by the driver of Tokyo City Trams, Lee Pan-neung(이판능). With hammers and knives, Lee attacked the family of his colleagues Endo Gohyakujiro, the family of his boss Imahoko Kanichi, as well as passers-by and Lee’s own family, killing 7 and injuring 10. This incident was widely reported and shook Tokyo citizens. The “Record of the Great Earthquake in the Taisho Period 1923” compiled in 1925 is an official record of the Great Kanto Earthquake, in which the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department compiles records of the head office and other offices. According to this record, one...